Our Position

Postal or State-Owned Public Banks


  • ICBA opposes the provisioning of retail deposit accounts and the allocation of consumer credit by the United States Postal Service (USPS), Federal Reserve, or any other federal, state, or quasi-federal or state instrumentality.

  • The financially challenged USPS has virtually no expertise in providing financial services to consumers in a cost-effective manner. Greater entry by the USPS into financial services introduces another tax advantaged and lightly regulated entity with limited expertise into the marketplace, akin to credit unions and the Farm Credit System.

  • Accounts offered by the Federal Reserve (FedAccounts) would directly compete with community banks, diverting deposits from local communities and create undue taxpayer risk. Requirements for cost recovery under the Monetary Control Act call into question the legality and feasibility of FedAccounts.

  • Financial services are best provided in a competitive, private, and free marketplace that openly and efficiently benefits customers.


Postal Banking. There has been a resurgence in interest among certain lawmakers in allowing the United States Postal Service (USPS) to offer retail banking services at their locations. This proposal was included in then-President-elect Biden’s “Unity Task Force Recommendations” document written with Senator Bernie Sanders.

The reported purpose of postal banking is to provide a “consumer-friendly” alternative to payday lending and check-cashing services for those without a bank account and to turn a profit to support the moribund finances of the USPS. In September of 2021, the USPS quietly launched an ICBA-opposed pilot in Washington, D.C.; Falls Church, Virginia; Baltimore, Maryland; and the Bronx, New York.

As of January 2022, the pilot had only six customers brought in fee revenue of just $35.70, indicating almost non-existent demand and a failure to generate revenue to cover expenses. Any attempt to scale up this pilot would only jeopardize the core mission of United States Postal Service (USPS) – the timely delivery of letters and parcels on which American commerce and consumers depend. Improving delivery times must take priority over all other initiatives.

The argument for postal banking relies on the supposed omnipresence of postal facilities. USPS’s “universal service obligation” requires it to maintain postal facilities and personnel in every ZIP code in the country. However, proponents fail to recognize that commercial bank branch locations outnumber post office locations 3 to 1.

Moreover, fewer than 10 percent of unbanked individuals have cited “inconvenient locations” as a reason for being unbanked. An ICBA issue brief projected the postal service would lose nearly $500 million per year as a competitor against private institutions in the financial services sector.

ICBA adamantly opposes allowing the USPS to offer financial products and services. The encroachment into these activities by a major federal agency would represent a significant, government-sponsored, competitive threat to the ongoing viability of the nation’s thousands of private sector, tax-paying community banks which do an excellent job of serving consumers, small businesses, and farmers and ranchers across America. Financial services are best provided in a competitive, private and free marketplace so they can openly and efficiently benefit customers. Community banks and other financial institutions already offer low-cost financial services to underserved communities to help them break away from the debt cycle of payday lenders. According to the FDIC, 88 percent of banks offer small-dollar loans and 81 percent offer free counseling to underserved consumers.

It would be a serious mistake for the USPS to enter a highly competitive, complex new industry with the potential to compromise its core function and its finances and put American taxpayers at further risk. Effective banking management requires years if not decades to master. In the era of systems hacking, managing financial data has become that much more challenging. This is why commercial banks are subject to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act’s data-security standards. The stakes are simply too high to allow a backdoor attempt to spend taxpayer dollars on a misguided experiment in postal banking.

FedAccounts. ICBA adamantly opposes the direct provisioning of retail deposit accounts by the Federal Reserve known as “FedAccounts.” Fed Accounts would be made available to all citizens, residents, and nonfinancial businesses at taxpayers’ expense. These accounts would offer the same services as commercial bank accounts including the issuance of debit cards, ATM access, direct deposit and online bill pay services. They would also support internet and mobile banking. These features put FedAccounts in direct competition with checking and savings accounts offered by community banks and raise serious privacy concerns, as they could potentially be used by the government to track consumer financial transactions.

While advocates propose hosting these accounts at the Federal Reserve, the Fed has repeatedly said it is not suited to offer direct accounts to consumers and is not legally permitted to do so. The Fed is required to meet certain requirements under the Monetary Control Act, including recovering its costs. Adequate cost recovery is likely impossible without charges and fees, which wouldn’t be permitted for FedAccounts. Community banks offer affordable accounts for unbanked and underbanked consumers. Consumers are best served by thousands of competing private institutions, which have a duty to ensure their needs are met.

Staff Contacts: Aaron Stetter and Chris Cole

Staff Contacts

Christopher Cole

Executive Vice President, Senior Regulatory Counsel

Washington, DC


Aaron Stetter

Executive Vice President, Advocacy and Strategic Engagement

Washington, DC



Postal Banking White Paper 2021

Postal Banking - A Flawed Proposal in Pursuit of a Worthy Goal - Part 1

Part one in a three part series, this installment outlines how the pursuit of postal banking would harm the already stressed primary function of the United States Postal Service, mail delivery.
Postal White Paper Summary

Postal Banking - A Flawed Proposal in Pursuit of a Worthy Goal - Part 2

Part two in a three part series, we argue that USPS simply does not possess the know-how to succeed at banking, that legislative mandates would undermine revenues, and that the agency would likely fail at the twin objectives of postal banking.
POSTAL BANKING A Flawed Proposal in Pursuit of a Worthy Goal—A Series

Postal Banking - A Flawed Proposal in Pursuit of a Worthy Goal - Part 3

Community bankers are committed to serving their communities, including unbanked populations. A community cannot thrive without inclusive access to the banking system. This concern is too important to entrust to an untested proposal.

USPS defends postal banking pilot

July 18, 2022

The U.S. Postal Service defended its decision to launch an ICBA-opposed postal banking pilot program without first consulting the Postal Regulatory Commission.

USPS Defense: In a recent court filing to the commission, the Postal Service said the banking program it quietly rolled out last year to accept payroll and business checks as payment options for open-loop gift cards is not a departure from its existing greeting card, gift card, and stationery product lines.

Legal Questions: The PRC has asked the USPS why it didn’t seek the commission’s approval before launching the pilot last year, citing federal law requiring the USPS to get the commission’s approval for any “market test” for an experimental product. It has also asked how the USPS plans to proceed with the banking pilot given its lackluster performance.

Background: The USPS program offers check cashing, bill paying, ATM access, and expanded money orders and wire transfers at four locations. Customers may cash payroll or business checks to buy single-use gift cards worth up to $500 for a $5.95 fee.

ICBA Messages: ICBA has repeatedly pushed back against postal banking in a recent letter to Congress, LinkedIn op-ed, and three-part series of issue briefs to policymakers.